• Rearrange furniture in your home to make your paths clear.
  • Remove throw rugs or use double-sided tape or a non-slip backing.
  • Keep objects, such as books, magazines and shoes off the floor.
  • Coil or tape wires next to the wall.


  • Fix loose or uneven steps and loose handrails.
  • Make sure carpet is firmly attached to every step, or replace carpet with non-slip rubber tread.
  • Have an electrician install lights and light switches at the top and bottom of stairs.


  • Rearrange items so that the things you use most often are on lower shelves.
  • If you use a step stool, make sure it is steady. Never use a chair as a step stool.


  • Put a non-stick rubber mat or self-stick strips on the tub or shower floor.
  • If you need support when getting in and out of the tub or up from the toilet, have a carpenter install grab bars inside the tub and next to the toilet.


  • Have a lamp next to the bed that is easy to reach.
  • Use a night-light to illuminate your path at night.

General tips

  • Exercise regularly.
  • Ask your pharmacist if any of your medications may make you dizzy.
  • Get up slowly after sitting or lying down.
  • Wear shoes indoors and outside. Avoid going barefoot or wearing slippers.

Provided by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention