Infertility

What is Infertility?
Infertility is defined as the inability to conceive or carry a pregnancy to term after 12 months of trying to conceive.

If getting pregnant has been a challenge for you and your partner, you're not alone. Ten to 15 percent of couples in the United States are infertile.

What are the Symptoms of Infertility?
The main sign of infertility is the inability for a couple to get pregnant. Many times there may be no other obvious symptoms.

In some cases, an infertile woman may have irregular or absent menstrual periods. An infertile man may have signs of hormonal problems, such as changes in hair growth, sexual function, reduced sexual desire, or problems with ejaculation. He may also have small testicles or a swelling in the scrotum.

How is Infertility Diagnosed?
Your doctor or clinic will need to determine what your sexual habits are and may make recommendations about changing them. In addition, the test listed below can help to diagnose infertility.    Specific fertility tests for men may include:

  • Semen analysis
  • Hormone testing
  • Transrectal and scrotal ultrasound
  • Genetic testing
  • Testicular biopsy

How is Infertility Treated?
Treatment of infertility depends on several things, including the cause, how long you've been infertile, your age and your partner's age, and many other personal preferences.

Some causes of infertility can't be corrected. However, a woman may still become pregnant with assisted reproductive technology.

Treatment for men:
Approaches that involve the male include treatment for general sexual problems or lack of healthy sperm. Treatment may include:

  • Treating infections
  • Treatments for sexual intercourse problems
  • Hormone treatments and medications
  • Surgery
  • Assisted reproductive technology (ART)

Treatment for women:

  • Stimulating ovulation with fertility drugs
  • Intrauterine insemination (IUI)
  • Surgery to restore fertility
  • Assisted reproductive technology (ART)



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