Benign Prostate Hypertrophy

What is BPH?
Benign prostatic hyperplasia or BPH, is a noncancerous enlargement of the prostate gland. It is the most common benign tumor found in men. Prostate gland enlargement is a common condition as men get older.

What are the Symptoms of BPH?
Many patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) experience no symptoms. When symptoms do occur, they range from mild and barely noticeable to serious and disruptive. Some of the most common signs and symptoms of BPH include:

  • Frequent or urgent need to urinate
  • Increased frequency of urination at night (nocturia)
  • Difficulty starting urination
  • Weak urine stream or a stream that stops and starts
  • Dribbling at the end of urination
  • Straining while urinating
  • Inability to completely empty the bladder

How is BPH Diagnosed?
A Doctor will ask you questions about your symptoms and perform a physical exam. This initial exam may include:

  • Digital rectal exam
  • Urine test
  • Blood test
  • Prostate­specific antigen (PSA) blood test
  • Cystoscopy (using a telescope to view the bladder)
  • Neurological exam

After that, your doctor might recommend additional tests to help confirm an enlarged prostate and to rule out other conditions. These additional tests might include:

  • Urinary flow test
  • Postvoid residual volume test
  • 24­hour voiding diary

How is BPH Treated?
There are a wide variety of treatments available for enlarged prostate, including:

  • Medication
  • Minimally invasive therapies
  • Surgery

The best treatment choice for you depends on several factors, and our doctors will help you make an informed decision based on your specific situation.

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