Your Riverside orthopedic surgeon can determine the extent of the damage to your ankle or foot and to guide you in what type of treatments would be the most effective.
For many foot and ankle conditions, non-surgical treatments are all that are needed. Non-surgical treatment options include:
- Orthotics. Custom-made or store-brand shoe inserts, supports and padding can alleviate pain by cushioning or removing pressure from parts of the foot
- At home, self care of your injury
- Over-the-counter pain relievers and anti-inflammatory medications to reduce swelling
- A brace or a cane
- Physical therapy
- Weight control or nutritional supplements
- Injections such as a steroid medication injected into the joint
- Depending on your condition, your doctor may recommend a variety of non-surgical treatments to alleviate your pain.
Common conditions improved by surgery include:
- Bunion - There are several different surgical techniques for the treatment of bunions, mostly named after the surgeons who developed them, such as McBride, Chevron, and Keller. How much tissue is removed and whether or not the bone is repositioned depends on the degree and angle of deformity caused by the bunion as well as your age and physical condition.
- Mallet or Hammer Toe - The procedure to correct a hammer toe or mallet toe can be done in the office or in an outpatient center using local anesthetic. Through a small incision, the bone deformity is reduced and the tendons are rebalanced around the contracted joint.
- Plantar Fascia - A plantar fasciotomy is used to treat plantar fascia, an inflammation of the thin connective tissue on the bottom of the foot called the fascia. During a fasciotomy, your surgeon cuts away a small portion of the fascia to relieve tension or pressure. Connective tissue grows back into the space left by the incision, effectively lengthening the fascia and relieving pain.