Research studies show that people at risk for developing diabetes can prevent or delay diabetes by losing a modest amount of weight through diet and exercise. Losing 5% to 7% of your weight through diet and exercise can reduce your risk of developing type 2 diabetes by 58%.
Participants in the same study, who took the oral diabetes medication Metformin, also reduced their risk of developing diabetes, but not as much as those who changed their lifestyle. Studies also show that the lifestyle changes can be modest and still have a positive impact on your risk level. These are the keys to success in preventing diabetes:
- Get at least 30 minutes of moderate-intensity physical activity five days a week
- Eat a variety of foods that are low in fat
- Reduce the number of calories you eat per day