Shaped like a balloon, your bladder sits in your pelvis and is held in place by ligaments attached to other organs and the pelvic bones. The bladder stores urine and it swells into a round shape when it is full, getting smaller when it is emptied.
Your bladder stores the urine and squeezes it out when full. An infection in your bladder requires attention so that it does not spread to your kidneys.
Painful Bladder Syndrome or Interstitial Cystitis
Interstitial cystitis (IC) is commonly called painful bladder syndrome. The condition causes recurring discomfort or pain in the bladder and the surrounding pelvic region.
These small masses of minerals usually develop secondarily to another condition.
- Urinary retention is the abnormal holding of urine in the bladder.
- Acute urinary retention is the sudden inability to urinate, causing pain and discomfort. Causes can include an obstruction in the urinary system, stress, or neurologic problems.
- Chronic urinary retention refers to the persistent presence of urine left in the bladder after incomplete emptying. Common causes of chronic urinary retention are bladder muscle failure, nerve damage, or obstructions in the urinary tract. Treatment for urinary retention depends on the cause.