Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) is a condition where the kidneys do not remove wastes and extra water from the blood as well as they should. Chronic kidney disease can result in the permanent loss of kidney function. People with permanent kidney failure need dialysis or transplantation to replace the work of the kidneys. CKD can be caused by disease or injury.
Causes of CKD
CKD can be caused by disease or injury:
- Disease is the most common cause of chronic kidney disease. Often, these conditions destroy the kidney function slowly and silently. Only after years or even decades will the damage become apparent. You are at greater risk of CKD is you have one of the following:
- Diabetes — the leading cause
- High blood pressure — the second leading cause
- Family history of kidney failure
If you have diabetes or high blood pressure, you need to have your kidney function checked on a regular basis. Many people with early CKD can work with their urologist to delay or prevent complete kidney failure.
- Physical injury or poisoning can cause CKD where the damage to the kidneys happens quickly.
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