What is an ENT?
- Hearing problems
- Ear infections
- Balance disorders
- Ear noise (tinnitus)
- Nerve pain as well as facial and cranial nerve disorders
- Congenital (birth) disorders of the outer and inner ear
- The nasal cavity and sinuses including chronic sinusitis
- Loss of sense of smell
- Nasal structures
- The appearance of the nose
- Diseases of the larynx (voice box) and
- Diseases and disorders of the upper aero-digestive tract or esophagus
- Voice and swallowing disorders
Otolaryngologists are also trained to treat
- Infectious diseases of the head and neck
- Both benign and malignant (cancerous) tumors in the head and neck
- Facial trauma and deformities of the face
- Cosmetic plastic surgery
- Reconstructive surgery
Four years of college
- Four years of medical school
- At least five years of specialty training.
Finally, the physician takes the American Board of Otolaryngology examination. Many Riverside otolaryngologists pursue a one or two year fellowship for more extensive training in one of the seven specialty areas.
- Otology/Neurotology: diseases of the ear, including trauma (injury), cancer, and nerve pathway disorders, which affect hearing and balance.
- Pediatric Otolaryngology: diseases in children with special ENT problems including birth defects in the head and neck and developmental delays.
- Head and Neck: cancerous and noncancerous tumors in the head and neck, including the thyroid and parathyroid.
- Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery: cosmetic, functional, and reconstructive surgical treatment of abnormalities of the face and neck.
- Rhinology: disorders of the nose and sinuses.
- Laryngology: disorders of the throat, including voice and swallowing problems.
- Allergy: treatment by medication, immunotherapy (allergy shots) and/or avoidance of pollen, dust, mold, food, and other sensitivities that affect the ear, nose, and throat.