Your doctor may tell you that you have pre-diabetes. You may be surprised because you don't have the common symptoms of diabetes. Having pre-diabetes means that you have blood glucose levels that are higher than normal but not high enough for a diagnosis of type 2 diabetes.
Pre-diabetes is a serious condition and you are likely to develop type 2 diabetes within 10 years, unless you take steps to prevent or delay diabetes.
The cause of prediabetes is the same as for type 2 diabetes. Normally:
- The food you eat is converted into energy as sugar (glucose).
- The glucose is moved from your digestive tract into your bloodstream.
Your pancreas releases a hormone called insulin that unlocks your cells and allows the glucose to move into the cells where it is used as energy.
When you have diabetes:
The pancreas may produce too little insulin. This prevents the glucose from leaving your bloodstream and moving into the cells.
Or, the cells do not respond to the insulin and do not allow the glucose to enter.
You can delay or prevent diabetes
The good news is that people with pre-diabetes can do a lot to prevent or delay diabetes. Studies have shown clearly that people can lower their risk of developing diabetes by making lifestyle changes. A major study of more than 3,000 people with prediabetes due found that diet and exercise resulting in a 5 to 7 percent weight loss lowered the incidence of type 2 diabetes by nearly 60 percent. Participants lost weight by cutting calories and by exercising—most chose walking—at least 30 minutes a day, 5 days a week.
Riverside can help you to make these changes. We offer:
- A variety of classes and tools.
- Nutrition education in a class setting or one-on one.
- The Dietcise program is a nationally recognized program that can help you to lose weight. The program features nutrition education by a dietician and exercise in a non-intimidating environment.
Ask your doctor about these and other programs that may help you to delay or prevent diabetes.