What can you tell me about hypoparathyroidism?
Your parathyroid glands are located in your neck behind your thyroid gland. These glands make parathyroid hormone (PTH), which helps maintain normal levels of calcium and phosphorus in your body. Hypoparathyroidism is a deficiency of PTH. This results in abnormally low blood levels of calcium (hypocalcemia) and abnormally high blood levels of phosphorus.
Causes of hypoparathyroidism include:
Also, you are at increased risk of hypoparathyroidism if you have a family history of the disease. A doctor can confirm a diagnosis of hypoparathyroidism by blood tests. Treatment is directed at restoring the calcium balance in the body, which may include:
In addition, researchers are testing a genetically engineered (recombinant) form of PTH as a treatment for hypoparathyroidism.
Last Updated: 01/04/2006
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